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Water Safety

MODULE 6:

INTRODUCTION TO SPORT LIFESAVING POOL EVENTS

General Information

 

  • Sport lifesaving is not new. Such championships were held since 1950’s from the two international world bodies, the World Life Saving (WLS) and the Federation Internationale de Sauvetage (FIS).
  • The International Lifesaving Federation (ILS) is today, the world authority for lifesaving sport.
  • ILS leads, supports and collaborates with national and international organisations engaged in lifesaving sport.
  • Every two years the ILS organises the Lifesaving World Championships, called Rescue Series.
  • Other national and international lifesaving organizations host similar events that can be found here.
  • Click here to Find the Results of National Teams, FIS World Championships, World Games, European Championships, European Surf Lifesaving Championships, European Junior Championships.
  • Click here to find the records.
  • Click here to find the ILS Competition Manual, the rules on Anti-Doping and the Event Sanctioning.
  • The second biggest sport lifesaving event is the Commonwealth Lifesaving Games, held by the Royal Life Saving Society.
  • Click here to find substantial information and training material on sport lifesaving.
  • To get further education and information about how to become involved in sport lifesaving, either as a coach, athlete or official, you can contact ILS and RLSS Commonwealth or the national organizations that are affiliated with them.

The following paragraphs contain the description of swimming pool sport lifesaving events.

 

Obstacle Swim 200m and 100m

With a dive entry on an acoustic signal, the competitor swims the 200 m course passing eight times or the 100 m course passing four times under the immersed obstacles to touch the finish edge of the pool. Competitors must surface after the dive entry before the obstacle; after passing under the obstacle; and after a turn prior to passing under the obstacle. The competitor may push off the pool bottom when surfacing from under the obstacle. “Surfacing” means the competitor’s head breaks the plane of the surface of the water. Swimming into or otherwise bumping an obstacle is not a behaviour that results in disqualification.

Manikin Carry 50m

With a dive start on an acoustic signal, the competitor swims 25 m freestyle and then dives to recover a submerged manikin to the surface within 5 m of the pick-up line. The competitor then carries the manikin to touch the finish edge of the pool. Competitors may push off the pool bottom when surfacing with the manikin.

Rescue Medley 100μ

With a dive start on an acoustic signal, the competitor swims 50 m freestyle to turn, dive, and swim underwater to a submerged manikin located at 17.5 m from the turn wall. The competitor surfaces the manikin within the 5 m pick-up line, and then carries it the remaining distance to touch the finish edge. Competitors may breathe during the turn, but not after their feet leave the turning edge until they surface with the manikin. Competitors may push off the bottom when surfacing with the manikin.

Manikin Carry with Fins 100m

 

With a dive start on acoustic signal, the competitor swims 50 m freestyle wearing fins and then recovers a submerged manikin to the surface within 10 m of the turning edge. The competitor carries the manikin to touch the finish edge of the pool. Competitors need not touch the turning edge of the pool. Competitors may push off the bottom when surfacing with the manikin.

Manikin Tow with Fins 100m

 

With a dive start on an acoustic signal, the competitor swims 50 m freestyle with fins and rescue tube. After touching the turning wall, and within the 5 m pick-up zone, the competitor fixes the rescue tube correctly around a manikin and tows it to the finish. The event is complete when the competitor touches the finish edge of the pool.

Super Lifesaver 200m

 

With a dive start on an acoustic signal, the competitor swims 75 m freestyle and then dives to recover a submerged manikin. The competitor surfaces the manikin within the 5 m pick-up zone and carries it to the turning wall. After touching the wall the competitor releases the manikin. In the water, the competitor dons fins and rescue tube and swims 50 m freestyle. After touching the wall, and within the 5 m pick-up zone, the competitor fixes the rescue tube correctly around a manikin and tows it to the finish. The event is complete when the competitor touches the finish edge of the pool.

Line Throw 12m

 

In this timed event, the competitor throws an unweighted line to a fellow team member located in the water on the near side of a rigid crossbar located 12 m distant. The competitor pulls this “victim” back to the finish edge of the pool.

Manikin Relay 4 x 25 m

 

  • Four competitors in turn carry a manikin approximately 25 m each.
  • The first competitor: starts in the water holding a manikin with one hand (its mouth or nose above the surface) and the pool edge or starting block with the other hand. On an acoustic signal, the competitor carries the manikin and passes it to the second competitor within the 4 m changeover zone situated between the 23 m and 27 m mark.
  • The second competitor: carries the manikin to touch the turning edge and passes the manikin to the third competitor who is in contact with the turning edge or starting block with at least one hand. The third competitor may touch the manikin only after the second competitor has touched the turning edge.
  • The third competitor: carries the manikin and passes it to the fourth competitor in the changeover zone between the 73 m and 77 m mark.
  • The fourth competitor: completes the event by carrying the manikin to touch the finish edge with any part of the competitor’s body.
  • Competitors must remain in the water in their lanes until the referee signals the completion of the event. Only the incoming and outgoing competitors may participate in the manikin exchange. Competitors may not release the manikin until the next competitor has grasped it (i.e., one hand of each competitor must be in contact with the manikin). The start zone and relay changeover zones shall be indicated by flags (a) at the start – 5 m from the pool wall, (b) in the middle of the pool – two lines of flags at 23 m and 27 m from the start, situated at 1.5 m to 2 m above the surface and (c) at the turning wall – 5 m from the pool wall. Competitors may push off the pool bottom in the relay changeover zone. At the start, competitors are not judged on “carrying the manikin” criteria (defined in 4.3) within the start zone. Carrying the manikin criteria do apply within the finish zone at the end of the relay. Competitors are not judged on “carrying the manikin”r located 12 m distant. The competitor pulls this “victim” back to the finish edge of the pool.

Obstacle Relay 4 x 50m

 

With a dive entry on an acoustic signal, the first competitor swims 50 m freestyle passing under two obstacles. After the first competitor touches the turning edge the second, third, and fourth competitors repeat the procedure in turn. Competitors must surface after the dive entry before the first obstacle and after passing under each obstacle. “Surfacing” means the competitor’s head breaks the plane of the surface of the water. Competitors may push off the pool bottom when surfacing from under the obstacles. Swimming into or otherwise bumping an obstacle is not a behaviour that results in disqualification. The first, second and third competitors must leave the water upon finishing their legs of the relay without obstructing any other competitors. The first, second and third competitors may not re-enter the water.

Medley Relay 4 x 50m

 

  • With a dive start on an acoustic signal, the first competitor swims 50 m freestyle without fins.
  • With a dive start after the first competitor touches the wall, the second competitor swims 50 m freestyle with fins.
  • With a dive start after the second competitor touches the wall, the third competitor swims 50 m freestyle towing a rescue tube. The third competitor touches the turning edge.
  • The fourth competitor is in the water wearing fins with at least one hand on the turning edge.
  • The fourth competitor dons the harness and the third competitor, playing the role of “victim”, holds the rescue tube with both hands while being towed 50 m by the fourth competitor to the finish.
  • Both the fourth and the third competitor (victim) must leave from the turning edge. The victim must be in contact with the rescue tube before passing the 5 m line.
  • The event is complete when the fourth competitor touches the finish edge of the pool with the victim in contact with the tube.
  • The victim may kick while being towed, but no other assistance is permitted.
  • The victim must grip the main body of the rescue tube – not the rope or clip.
  • The victim must hold onto the rescue tube with both hands while being towed, but may reposition his or her hands on the tube during the tow without disqualification.
  • While the fourth competitor must have at least one hand on the turning edge or starting block when the third competitor touches the edge, the fourth competitor may push off the edge with hand, arm, or feet.
  • The first and second competitors must leave the water upon finishing their legs of the relay without obstructing any other competitors. The first and second competitors may not re-enter the water.

Line Throw Relay 4 x 12m

 

The first Team Competitor stands on poolside holding end of rope, the three other team members are in the water at a cross rope 12m away. The Number 2 Competitor is in front of the rope with one hand on the cross rope and one hand on the throw rope which is extended over and beyond the cross rope. On the starting signal, competitor Number 1 coils the rope and throws to the Number 2 Competitor who takes hold of the rope with both hands and is pulled through the water. On reaching the side, the Number 2 competitor must touch the end of the pool. The first competitor then enters the water behind the cross line to become the catcher for the Number 4 competitor. The Number 3 Competitor replaces the Number 2 competitor in front of the cross rope. The Number 2 competitor then coils the rope and throws it to the Number 3 competitor who takes hold of the rope with both hands and is pulled through the water until he touches the end of the pool. The event continues in the same manner as above for Competitors 3 and 4. The event finishes when the catcher for Competitor 4 touches the end of the pool.

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